The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) is an independent federal agency that regulates, charters and supervises federal credit unions. NCUA also operates the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of millions of account holders at federal credit unions.
The NCUA is divided into three regions, each responsible for regulating and supervising specific states and territories of the United States. Each region is headed by a regional director, who works from a regional office.
Federally Insured Credit Unions
Most credit unions receive federal insurance through the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). This fund is similar to the FDIC in that it insures up to $250,000 per person, per account. It also covers retirement accounts and trusts, as well as checking and savings accounts at member credit unions.
The NCUA is an independent federal agency that supervises credit unions. Its mission is to help members by providing them with a safe place for their money and a strong financial community.
To obtain share insurance, a credit union must meet several requirements. These include a Credit Union Profile, an audited financial and statistical report, and a Call Report. In addition, the credit union must maintain a deposit of one percent of its insured shares in the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF) and pay an insurance premium.
These federal requirements are the same for natural persons and corporate credit unions. A natural person credit union must submit a Credit Union Profile, NCUA Form 4501, within 10 days after an election or appointment of senior management or volunteer officials or within 30 days of any change in the information in the profile.
A corporate credit union must file a Corporate Credit Union Call Report monthly in accordance with the instructions in the form. In addition, all natural person and corporate credit unions must provide the NCUA Board with all records, reports, and contracts related to the accounts of members held by the credit union.
All insured credit unions are required to display a sign noting that they are federally insured by the NCUA. This is a legal requirement that cannot be changed without a request from the credit union’s members.
The NCUA also requires credit unions to disclose the amount of their insurance coverage in their annual Report of Financial Status and other documents. If a credit union fails to do so, it could lose its eligibility for insurance and its members would lose their deposits.
Insured credit unions are protected by the federal government in the event of a failure, although these situations are rare. If a credit union goes out of business, its members are eligible to receive any funds deposited in their accounts within 3 days of the credit union closing its doors.
Insured Share Accounts
When you deposit money at a federal credit union, it’s insured by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) and the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF). This coverage is available to members who deposit at least $250,000 in their account.
The NCUA is an independent agency of the U.S. government, and its responsibilities include overseeing the financial well-being of the nation’s credit unions. As part of its responsibilities, it insures deposits at all federally insured credit unions, including savings, share draft accounts (checking), money market and certificate of deposit accounts.
If a credit union fails, members can receive insured funds from the NCUA within days of the closure. Historically, these payments are paid through the NCUA’s National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government.
A member’s maximum insurance coverage is based on the type of ownership category in which the shares are held, as well as whether there are qualifying named beneficiaries. The most common ownership categories are single owner accounts, joint accounts, certain retirement accounts, revocable trust accounts and irrevocable trust accounts.
When a member dies, the NCUA will insure their accounts for six months. This is known as a “grace period.”
You can increase your insurance coverage by distributing your money across multiple credit unions. This is especially true if you own accounts in different ownership categories, such as a single owner account and a joint account.
In addition, you can maximize your NCUA deposit insurance by putting your savings in a credit union with the highest level of deposit insurance. These are called “Superior” credit unions.
Another way to get extra deposit insurance is to make sure that your share deposits are denominated in United States dollars, as opposed to foreign currencies. This is important because foreign currency accounts are not insured by the NCUA.
You can use the NCUA’s online Share Insurance Estimator to find out your individual insurance coverage. This estimate also calculates your maximum insurance coverage if you have more than one account at an insured credit union.
Insured Deposit Accounts
If you have a deposit account at a federally insured credit union or savings bank, your funds are protected by either the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) or the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). In both cases, your deposits are fully insured up to $250,000 per depositor, per financial institution, and for each ownership category.
The FDIC insures all checking and savings accounts, money market deposit accounts and certificates of deposit (CDs) up to the maximum amount. In addition, the FDIC insures deposits in certain retirement accounts including traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs, as well as SIMPLE IRAs, SEP IRAs and self-directed 401(k)s.
NCUA also insures deposits at federally insured credit unions, but it can opt out of providing coverage to state-chartered credit unions. It does this through the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, or NCUSIF.
Insured deposit accounts are generally savings, share drafts or checking, certificate of deposit (CD) or money market deposit accounts. Some banks and brokerages also offer cash management accounts that can be used for insuring excess deposits, such as those deposited into a prepaid card.
These types of accounts typically require more than one owner, and the account owner’s name must be disclosed in the deposit records for the bank or brokerage. In addition, the bank or brokerage must verify that the owners are the same person.
Alternatively, some banks and brokerages may be able to transfer excess deposits into checking accounts, money market deposit accounts or CDs at separately chartered FDIC banks in their network. This can be a good way to spread your money around and increase your FDIC coverage, although it may mean paying higher fees for the services.
You can also expand your FDIC coverage by transferring your deposits to a deposit account at a bank or brokerage that offers IntraFi Network Deposits. This program will place your excess deposits at any of the participating banks in the Network.
If you want to know more about insured deposit accounts, consult your bank’s or brokerage’s website, ask a representative or call the institution’s customer service line. Then, you can decide if the bank or brokerage is right for you.
Federally insured credit unions have a unique responsibility to their members. That’s why the NCUA has a variety of requirements to ensure that all credit unions are operated responsibly.
The National Credit Union Administration is a federal agency that provides regulatory and insurance oversight of credit unions, chartering them, and administering the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund (NCUSIF). It’s headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia, with regional offices across the United States.
It’s the second federal agency to regulate and insure credit unions, and it works alongside the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to protect consumers. Both agencies work to provide the public with safe, affordable and convenient financial products.
As a result of the rise in popularity of credit unions, the FDIC and NCUA have become more involved in supporting credit unions and their members. However, the agencies have separate roles and responsibilities.
In addition to insuring deposits, the NCUA examines and supervises federal credit unions. It also administers the NCUSIF and the Community Development Revolving Loan Fund, which provide emergency loans to credit unions.
Another important part of the NCUA’s regulatory role is overseeing credit union loan workout practices. These policies help the NCUA make sure that credit unions are restructing loans in ways that reduce their losses and increase collectability.
Generally, the policy requires credit unions to document that they are restructuring loans only when they are able to show that the new loan terms improve borrower’s ability and willingness to repay. Examiners are likely to ask more questions about restructures that push existing loan losses into future reporting periods without demonstrating that the loan’s new terms improve its collectability.
These requirements are designed to protect the safety and soundness of credit unions, and they ensure that credit unions maintain a strong business model. They also protect consumers and ensure that credit unions are providing them with competitive services.
For federally insured credit unions, the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund provides deposit insurance to member accounts up to $250,000 per depositor, per ownership category. It’s administered by the NCUA and funded by credit unions nationwide.